EDIBLE FUNGI PRODUCTIVITY IN THE NATURAL FORESTSTEPPE PLANTATIONS OF KAZAKHSTAN REGIONS
Keywords:forest, ecosystems, edible mushrooms, natural stands, biodiversity, monitoring, biological reserve, operational reserve, productivity
During the field-expedition research, the productivity of edible mushrooms in natural plantations of forest-steppe regions of Kazakhstan was assessed. Accounting platforms were laid on the territory of forest plantations in Akmola, East Kazakhstan, Turkestan regions. The generally accepted methods of geobotanical, forest taxation, and mycology the particular qualities of forest
ecosystems, biological diversity, and the productivity of edible mushrooms from different regions of Kazakhstan have studied. 11 experimental areas were laid, 13 types of edible mushrooms were identified. The biological productivity and operational stock of mushrooms that widely harvested by local residents for food purposes were established. It is shown that the productivity of edible mushrooms in the forest-steppe regions of Kazakhstan depends on the geographical location of the mushroom-bearing areas and the height above sea level, the composition of natural plantations, rainfall, and weather conditions. The harvest of mushrooms
(household) in some years ranges from 40 to 90 kg / ha and can be varied to two weeks in the early and late periods.