ISSUES OF LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT (THEORETICAL ASPECT)
Keywords:local self-government, state government bodies, local public administration, separation of powers of powers, system of inter-budgetary relations, principles of organization of local self-government, self-governing system
From a theoretical point of view, the article examines the concept, the essence of local self-government and the principles of its organization, the issues of the separation of powers between central government and local self-government. To date, a number of key and important issues of effective management of the power vertical have not been resolved in the country, in particular, this is the practical nonaccountability of the executive branch to the people, and this is the absence of clearly defined functions and powers at lower levels of government. On the ground, the current situation is a state where the executive branch has an absolute advantage over the representative branch. The article substantiates the criteria that distinguish local self-government from other government bodies, and also gives the author's interpretation of the definition of the concept of "local self-government" taking into account the criteria. The necessity and directions of reforming the local self-government system are substantiated. The separation of powers of the authorities must be carried out simultaneously with the improvement of the system of extrabudgetary relations. It is noted that the organization and functioning of the local self-government system should be based on certain principles. It has been substantiated that the system of local self-government is a historically established and continuously developing stable set of people united by a system of connections, relations and interactions that have developed as a result of their permanent residence in one economically developed territory, i.e. it is a self-governing system, the organization of which is based on the territorial community of people.