PROTECTION BY BIOLOGIZATION DURING STORAGE OF WHEAT SEEDS FROM PHYTOPATHOGENS
Keywords:Fungal and bacterial diseases of seeds, wheat, pathogen, efficiency, infestation, biological preparations, storage of seeds.
The article presents data from laboratory studies conducted by phytopathology on the survival and effectiveness of biological preparations (B. subtilis BZR 336g, B. subtilis BZR 517) against fungal and bacterial seed diseases during nine months of storage. During the storage period, tens of millions of tons of grain and seeds are lost annually from infection with diseases and pests. In this regard, the relevance of the topic of scientific research lies in the fact that the use of biological products (B. subtilis BZR 336g, B. subtilis BZR 517) reduces pesticide loads in production, since chemicals pollute the environment and toxic residues are formed on wheat seeds.
As a result of the conducted studies, it was found that biological preparations during the nine months of storage protected seeds from bacterial wheat seed diseases by 100%, and fungal diseases - from 71.4% to 95.2%. In agricultural production, during storage, the infestation of wheat seeds with bacterial and fungal diseases can be solved only with the help of biological preparations.