A HEURISTIC APPROACH TO THE CHOICE OF MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS FOR AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES IN NORTHERN KAZAKHSTAN
Keywords:heuristic methods, multicriteria problems; аnalytic hierarchy process; hierarchy of systems; vectors of priorities; making decisions
The article is devoted to the structuring of the problem and the formalization of the problem of making managerial decisions on the choice of the optimal production scenario at agricultural enterprises in Northern Kazakhstan. A feature of the functioning of agricultural objects in this region is the presence of many parameters (criteria) of production and market conditions, for example, costs, profits, risks, etc. The key psychological aspect of the problem: the choice of an alternative production scenario is determined by the person who makes the control decision in conditions of multi-criteria influence factors and the availability of expert assessments. In this regard, the heuristic method for analyzing hierarchies is adopted as a mathematical tool of the systemic approach for solving the multicriteria problem of choosing the preferred scenario. The application of this method made it possible to formalize the task of making a managerial decision on the choice of the preferred production scenario. The developed heuristic model allows the person who makes the decision to interactively find an alternative scenario that best matches his understanding of the essence of the problem and the requirements for its solution.