THE GRAVITATIONAL FIELD OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM
Keywords:Solar system, planets, gravitational field, gravitational potential, relation between potential and potential energy, binding energy, potential well, gradient, MathCAD package.
The study of the gravitational field of celestial bodies in the Solar system is one of the main tasks of the science of celestial mechanics. The phenomenon of attraction of the Sun and the planets of the Solar system is studied on the basis of the superposition principle. We consider one of the most important characteristics of the gravitational field of the Solar system – the gravitational potential. The laws of the gravitational potential of material points and systems of material points are studied. The potential inside the planet of the Solar system is investigated. The work of the gravitational force in the motion of a material point in the Solar system is generalized using the laws of gravitational potential. The potential of the field of celestial bodies was studied using the MathCAD package. A graph of the gravitational potential of the solar system was obtained using numerical methods. Based on this method, conclusions were made about the gravitational potential of each planet. These conclusions were based on a comparative analysis of the results of computer research and advances in astronomy.